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Militarisation of space drives record government investment

Governments worldwide spent $123 billion on space programs in 2021, an increase of 8 per cent compared to the previous year.

Militarisation of space drives record government investment
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Market intelligence firm Euroconsult, which analysed the data, said the increase was being driven by ambitious exploration programs and new military rivalries.

It predicted total expenditure could exceed a trillion by the end of the decade.

“Civilian space budgets, totalling $74 billion in 2021, continue to receive more funding than defense space programs, at 58 per cent of total spending, though the share going to defense, $54 billion in 2021, is increasing,” said Euroconsult.


“Geopolitical tensions, increasing rivalry between leading space powers and the value of space as the ultimate high ground drive the militarisation of space trend, with leaders increasing their investments in defense space assets and technologies.”

The data shows the United States spent $75 billion on its government space programs, compared to $450 million in Australia, $14.3 billion in China, $3.6 billion in the EU, $5 billion in Russia and $5.9 billion in Japan.

Australia ranks just 18th among the G20 countries for government investment in space as a percentage of GDP, a comparable amount to Turkey and far lower than the US, UK or Canada.

The news comes after Space Connect reported last month how a standing committee set up to advise on the development of Australia’s space industry recommended turning the Space Agency into an independent body and increasing its funding.


MPs argued Australia must do more to create sovereign assets after COVID exposed our “reliance on other countries” for vital services.

Chair of the committee, Pat Conaghan, concluded Australia must “position itself to capitalise” on the growing space sector.


The biggest day to hit the space industry is coming! Space Connect is thrilled to announce the brand-new Australian Space Summit coming to Sydney in March 2022. This jam-packed event will deliver relevant insights and market intelligence to help better shape business decisions and will provide topical information for the full breadth of the space sector. Visit the website to learn more and to secure your ticket to attend.

Adam Thorn

Adam Thorn

Adam is a journalist who has worked for more than 40 prestigious media brands in the UK and Australia. Since 2005, his varied career has included stints as a reporter, copy editor, feature writer and editor for publications as diverse as Fleet Street newspaper The Sunday Times, fashion bible Jones, media and marketing website Mumbrella as well as lifestyle magazines such as GQ, Woman’s Weekly, Men’s Health and Loaded. He joined Momentum Media in early 2020 and currently writes for Australian Aviation and World of Aviation.

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